Both rats and mice are elusive creatures that can thrive undetected – spreading disease and damaging property – until their population is too big to be ignored.
But once you realise you have unwelcome pests in your home or business, you need to know what you’re dealing with so you know how to take action.
Luckily, it’s easy to tell the difference between a mice and rat infestation if you know what to look for, which is exactly what this guide will teach you.
If you’re not sure whether you have rats or mice, then it’s probably mice. Rats are almost a foot long (not counting their tail) and are less inconspicuous than their tiny cousins: they’re bigger, noisier, greedier and smellier – which means they leave more evidence of all types.
“If it’s rice, it’s mice.” This easy-to-remember rhyme refers to the size and shape of mouse droppings, while rat droppings are much larger at ¼ to ½ an inch.
Mice leave their droppings as they move around and feed, while rats are more likely to do their business in a concentrated area.
Mice only need a hole that size of a ball-point pen to be able to squeeze their bodies through, making it easy for them to travel unnoticed through your home or business.
Rats have a harder time staying undetected as their holes are one to two inches in diameter and can even be gnawed through concrete.
Rats also have a nasty habit of chewing through electrical cables, causing power outages and fires. 25% of electrical fires in the UK are caused by rats.
Their larger size makes rats much noises than mice, as does their need to constantly gnaw in order to wear down their teeth.
Rats also chirp and chatter to communicate. Their language is louder and more varied than the high pitched squeaks of mice, many of which are ultrasonic (outside of the range of human hearing).
Mice don’t need water to survive
Mice are so small that they can get enough moisture from their food, while rats need a reliable water supply to survive and breed.
This means that drains and leaky pipes are strongly related to rat infestations. While mice can happily settle into a home or business, rats often live in drains and journey out to find food so that they have access to both food and water.
Rats are cautious and hard to trap
One of the many attributes of rats that have helped them thrive is their neophobia, fear of new objects or changes in their environment.
This makes them difficult to trap as – unlike mice, which are naturally curious – rats will simply avoid any traps that are put down. To trap a rat, you need to be patient and wait for the neophobia to wear off, which is why we space our rat visits weeks apart.
Rats are usually pushed into homes or businesses
Mice thrive inside our buildings and are small enough to stay hidden, but rats typically only enter our homes or businesses to feed, preferring to nest in sewers or empty structures.
If you have a rat infestation, the first thing we look for is an external influence that pushed them into your premises, such as building works or blocked drains that pushed them out of their home.
Poisons shouldn’t be used on rats
Mice have small bodies that can be effectively dried out by professional desiccating poisons (not to be confused with shop-bought poisons which we do not recommend) which prevents any rot or odours coming from the carcass.
Rats, on other hand, are too large for desiccating poisons to be effective, and leave behind a large carcass which not only produces a sickening odour as it rots but also sustains huge populations of maggots and flies – often becoming a worse problem than the rat was.
Drain inspection is essential for preventing rats
Because they often make their homes in drains and travel up into homes or businesses to find food, a drain inspection is standard in our assessment, control and prevention of rat infestations.
Rats are able to hold their breath for seven or more minutes, allowing them to swim through even water-filled drains with ease. We use CCTV drain installations to spot rats as they sneak into your home or business.
There’s no need for drain inspections for mice infestations as this is rarely, if ever, the source of infestation and they prefer to settle within the premises.